Commands on LINUX : LINUX is one of the most widely used operating systems other than Windows and MacOS. Open Source based, this operating system has a variety of interesting features and easily modified so that became one of the reasons why hackers choose Linux than Windows.

Commands on LINUX

In general, users who are used to using Windows or Mac will be a little confused when just starting to try Linux. In order not to get too blind when trying Linux, here some basic commands (basic commands) commonly used in Linux.

Here are all the basic Linux commands you should know when learning or trying Open Source Linux operating systems. Basic Commands Linux works on almost all versions of Linux, of course this will make it easier for you when trying Linux.

Commands on LINUX

mkdir – create a directory

  • Usage: mkdir [OPTION] DIRECTORY …
  • Example: mkdir lhn

ls – list directory list

  • Usage: ls [OPTION] … [FILE] …
  • Examples: ls, ls l, ls lhn

pwd – print the current directory name

  • Usage: pwd

vim – Vi Improved, a programmers text editor

  • Usage: vim [OPTION] [file] …
  • Example: vim lhn.txt

cp – copy files and directories

  • Usage: cp [OPTION] … SOURCE DEST
  • Example: cp sample.txt sample_copy.txt
  • cp sample_copy.txt target_dir

mv – move (rename) the file

  • Usage: mv [OPTION] … SOURCE DEST
  • Example: mv source.txt target_dir
  • mv old.txt new.txt

rm – delete files or directories

  • Usage: rm [OPTION] … FILE …
  • Example: rm file1.txt, rm rf some_dir

find – find

  • Usage: find [OPTION] [path] [pattern]
  • Example: find file1.txt, find name file1.txt
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history – prints recently used commands

  • Usage: history

cat – unifies files and displays in standard output

  • Usage: cat [OPTION] [FILE] …
  • Example: cat file1.txt file2.txt
  • cat ­n file1.txt

echo – displays a line of text

  • Usage: echo [OPTION] [string] …
  • Example: echo I love Indonesia
  • echo $HOME

grep – displays the corresponding line pattern

  • Usage: grep [OPTION] PATTERN [FILE] …
  • Example: grep i apple sample.txt

wc – displays the number of lines, words and bytes of a file

  • Usage: wc [OPTION] … [FILE] …
  • Example: wc file1.txt
  • wc ­L file1.txt

sort – sorting

  • Usage: sort [OPTION] … [FILE] …
  • Example: sort file1.txt
  • sort ­r file1.txt

tar – archives files

  • Usage: tar [OPTION] DEST SOURCE
  • Example: tar cvf /home/archive.tar / home / original
  • tar ­xvf /home/archive.tar

kill – turns off a process

  • Usage: kill [OPTION] pid
  • Example: kill 9 2275

ps – displays the current process snapshot

  • Usage: ps [OPTION]
  • Example: ps, ps el

who – knows who is logged in

  • Usage: who [OPTION]
  • Example: who, who b, who q

passwd – update password

  • Usage: passwd [OPTION]
  • Example: passwd

su – replace USER ID or become super user

  • Usage: su [OPTION] [LOGIN]
  • Example: su remo, su

chown – change the file or group owner

  • Usage: chown [OPTION] … OWNER [: [GROUP]] FILE …
  • Example: chown remo myfile.txt

chmod – replace file permissions

  • Usage: chmod [OPTION] [MODE] [FILE]
  • Example: chmod 744

zip – archiving files

  • Usage: zip [OPTION] DEST SOURSE
  • Example: original original

unzip – opens ZIP archived files

  • Usage: unzip filename
  • Example: unzip original.zi

ssh – SSH client (remote login program)

  • “Ssh is a program for logging into a remote machine and for executing commands on a remote machine”
  • Usage: ssh [options] [user] @hostname
  • Example: ssh X guest@
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scp – secure copy (remote file copy program)

  • “Scp copies files between hosts on a network”
  • Usage: scp [options] [[user] @ host1: file1] [[user] @ host2: file2]
  • Example: scp file1.txt guest@ ~ / Desktop /

fdisk – partition manipulator

  • Example: sudo fdisk l

mount – mount a file system

  • Usage: mount t type device dir
  • Example: mount / dev / sda5 / media / target

umount – unmount file systems

  • Usage: umount [OPTIONS] dir | device …
  • Example: umount / media / target

du – view the storage capacity

  • Usage: du [OPTION] … [FILE] …
  • Example: du

df – see the amount of storage usage

  • Usage: df [OPTION] … [FILE] …
  • Example: df

quota – view usage and disk limits

  • Usage: quota [OPTION]
  • Example: quota v

reboot – restart the system

  • Usage: reboot [OPTION]
  • Example: reboot

poweroff – shut down system

  • Usage: poweroff [OPTION]
  • Example: poweroff

kate – KDE Editor

  • Usage: kate [options] [file (s)]
  • Example: kate file1.txt file2.txt

vim – Vi Improved, a programmers text editor

  • Usage: vim [OPTION] [file] …
  • Example: vi hello.c

gedit – Text editor to create and edit files

  • Usage: gedit [OPTION] [FILE] …
  • Example: gedit

bg – make the process in front running behind

  • Usage: type ‘ctrl + z’ and then ‘bg’

fg – keeps the background process running in front

  • Usage: fg [jobid]

jobs – displays the ID and process name

  • Usage: jobs

sed – stream editor for sorting and transforming text

  • Usage: sed [OPTION] [inputfile] …
  • Example: sed ‘s / love / hate / g’ loveletter.txt

awk – scan pattern and language processing

  • Example: awk F: ‘{print $ 1}’ sample_awk.txt

find – search in one directory

  • Usage: find [OPTION] [path] [pattern]
  • Example: find name file1.txt
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locate – search

  • Usage: locate [OPTION] … FILE …
  • Example: locate file1.txt

The final word

Those are the basic Linux commands you must know to avoid being too blind when using Linux. If there are errors or things to say, do not forget to write them in the comments field. Good luck!


Saya ini blogger paruh waktu asal Cilacap. Pekerjaan utama saya saat ini hanyalah tukang pijit di salah satu mall di Bogor.


Saya ini blogger paruh waktu asal Cilacap. Pekerjaan utama saya saat ini hanyalah tukang pijit di salah satu mall di Bogor.

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